William R. Attaway

WILLIAM R. ATTAWAY May 06, 1834, and died September 24, 1916 in Marion County, Georgia. He was buried in Buena Vista Cemetery in Marion County, Ga. He was the second child born to .Sisly Attaway. He married MARY E. SCOGGINS Abt. 1857 in Georgia. She was born November 1834 in Georgia, and died February 19, 1921 in Marion County, Georgia. Buena Vista Cemetery in Marion County, Ga. William served in Company K, 12th Infantry Regiment Georgia during the Civil War.

In the 1880 census for Marion County, Georgia, Mary Attaway’s older sister, Caroline (Carrie) Scogins and her younger sister, Minnie (age 10) were both living with them. Carrie was listed as a domestic servant. Carrie lived with them for the rest of their lives.

William and Mary only had one child, Mary Georgia Attaway, and remained in Marion County until their deaths. Georgia was married to David Crye. It was recently discovered that according to Marshall County, Al marriage book 7, Mary G. Attaway’s marriage license was obtained in Marshall County, Alabama where her uncle John T. C. Attaway lived. This suggests that she had been visiting and is further evidence of the closeness of the two brother’s families. The record of the marriage from Marriage book 7 is as follows:

Marriage record#153-014 David E. CRYE to Mary G. ATTAWAY on February 2, 1882, by J. T. Evans, MG, at William Attaway’s. (MG stands for minister of the gospel).

Children of William R. Attaway and Mary Scoggins are:

GEORGIA MARY ATTAWAY b. April 12, 1858, Georgia; d. December 30, 1908, Marion County, Georgia.

Genealogical Sources

William R. Attaway Civil War Record

Name: William R Attaway ,
Residence: Marion County, Georgia
Enlistment Date: 19 April 1862
Distinguished Service: DISTINGUISHED SERVICE
Side Served: Confederacy
State Served: Georgia
Unit Numbers: 344
Service Record: Enlisted as a Private on 19 April 1862 Enlisted in Company K, 12th Infantry Regiment Georgia on 19 April 1862. Absent, without leave on 31 December 1863 (Disability) Wounded on 28 July 1864 at Malvern Hill, VA (Home, wounded furlough, close of war) Absent, without leave on 31 August 1864
Served in Company K, 12th Georgia infantry – The Marion Guards.

The 12th Georgia Infantry completed its organization in June of 1861 at Richmond, Va. Its members were from the counties of Sumter, Jones, Macon, Calhoun, Muscogee, Dooly, Putnam, Bibb, Lowndes and Marion. Upon its arrival in western Virginia, the regiment was assigned to H. R. Jackson’s command and participated in Lee’s Cheat Mountain campaign. It later served in the brugades of generals E. Johnson, Elzey, Trimble, Dole, and Cook. During this time, they participated in Stonewall Jackson’s Valley campaign, then fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from Seven Days to Cold Harbor.The 12th later took part in Early’s Shenandoah Valley operations and the Appomattox campaign.

The regiment’s losses included 175 men at McDowell, 45 at Groveton, and 59 at Sharpsburg. It’s casualties included 12 killed and 58 wounded at Chancellorsville and sixteen percent of the remaining 327 men at the start of the battle of Gettysburg were dead or missing by its end. Only five officers and 50 men of the original twelve hundred enlisted in the regiment surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia in April 1865.

There are two battles recorded at Malvern Hill, the second of which resulted in William being wounded in the shoulder. The record of those battles is as follows:

JULY 1ST, 1862

Malvern Hill, Va, July 1, 1862. The battle of Malvern Hill was the last of the engagements during the Seven Days, battles (q. v.).

Source: The Union Army, vol. 6
Malvern Hill, Va.,
Aug. 5, 1862.
Hooker’s and Sedgwick’s Divisions, Army of the Potomac.

In order to ascertain the enemy’s strength in the direction of Richmond and to carry out instructions from Washington, it was necessary that Malvern hill be taken.

Accordingly at 5:30 a. m. of the 5th Maj.-Gen. Joseph Hooker with his own division and Sedgwick’s attacked a considerable Confederate force of artillery and infantry and drove it from the hill toward New Market, 4 miles distant, capturing 1OO prisoners and killing and wounding several.

Hooker’s loss was 3 killed and 11 wounded.

Source: The Union Army, Vol.,6 p.,582

Malvern Hill, Va.,
June 15, 1864.

Detachment of the 2nd Brigade, 3d Cavalry Divison, Army of the Potomac.

Col. George H. Chapman, commanding the brigade, with the 8th and 22nd N. Y. the 1st Vt. and a section of Fitzhugh’s battery made a reconnaissance to Malvern hill, where he developed a considerable force of the enemy and engaged in a sharp skirmish.

Finding himself greatly outnumbered, Chapman withdrew his men in good order and returned to his position at Philips’ place.

Source: The Union Army, Vol.,6 p.,582

William would also have participated in the battle at Front Royal, Virginia: Front Royal, Va., May 23, 1862.

U. S. Troops under Col. John R. Kenly.

The Federal force at Front Royal, consisted of detachments of the 1st Md. and 29th Pa. infantry, Knap’s Pa. battery, 5th N. Y. cavalry and Capt. Mapes’ pioneer corps, a total of 1,063 men, under command of Col. Kenly.

An attack was made by about 8,000 Confederates on the afternoon of the 23d, but Kenly deployed his men so as to make the appearance of greater strength than he really had. The Union left was driven back and Kenly received word that a body of Confederate cavalry was gaining his rear on the farther side of the river.

He immediately withdrew from his position and started for Meadowville, burning the bridges after crossing. Knap managed to keep the enemy at bay for a while with his battery, but the Confederate cavalry had little trouble in crossing and soon gained Kenly’s flank. At the same time the rear-guard was attacked and a fearful fight ensued, resulting in the capture of the larger part of the Federal force.

The Confederate loss was 26 killed and wounded. The Union casualties were never reported, but a week later only about 150 of the 1,000 men engaged had reported.

Source: The Union Army, Vol. 5, p.450

Attaway, William R.-Private April 19 1862. Absent with leave on account of diability Dec 31 1863. Absent without leave Aug 31 1864. No later record. Pension records show he was wounded in right shoulder July 28 1864 at Malvern Hill, and was at home on wounded furlough at the close of the war. (Born Coweta Co Ga May 6 1834.) He filed for pension in Marion Co. as did his widow, Mrs. M.E. Attaway. b. 6 May 1834 d. 24 Sep 1916 burial Buena Vista.

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